Telegram Bot API

The Bot API is an HTTP-based interface created for developers keen on building bots for Telegram.
To learn how to create and set up a bot, please consult our Introduction to Bots and Bot FAQ.

Recent changes

December 4, 2016

Introducing Bot API 2.3.1, a nifty little update that will give you more control over how your bot gets its updates.

  • Use the new field max_connections in setWebhook to optimize your bot's server load
  • Use allowed_updates in setWebhook and getUpdates to selectively subscribe to updates of a certain type. Among other things, this allows you to stop getting updates about new posts in channels where your bot is an admin.
  • deleteWebhook moved out of setWebhook to get a whole separate method for itself.

November 21, 2016

Bot API 2.3

  • Modified bot privacy mode for the sake of consistency.
  • Your bot will now get updates about posts in channels. Added new fields channel_post and edited_channel_post to Update.

  • You can now update high scores to a lower value by using the new force parameter in setGameScore. Handy for punishing cheaters or fixing errors in your game's High Score table.

  • Starting today, messages with high scores will be updated with new high scores by default. Use disable_edit_message in setGameScore if you don't want this.
  • The edit_message parameter from setGameScore is no longer in use. For backward compatibility, it will be taken into account for a while, unless disable_edit_message is passed explicitly.
  • Added the new field forward_from_message_id to Message.
  • Added the new parameter cache_time to answerCallbackQuery. Will eventually work in Telegram apps — somewhere after version 3.14, maybe 3.15.
  • Renamed hide_keyboard to remove_keyboard in ReplyKeyboardRemove for clarity. hide_keyboard will still work for a while for backward compatibility.

See earlier changes »

Authorizing your bot

Each bot is given a unique authentication token when it is created. The token looks something like 123456:ABC-DEF1234ghIkl-zyx57W2v1u123ew11, but we'll use simply <token> in this document instead. You can learn about obtaining tokens and generating new ones in this document.

Making requests

All queries to the Telegram Bot API must be served over HTTPS and need to be presented in this form: https://api.telegram.org/bot<token>/METHOD_NAME. Like this for example:

https://api.telegram.org/bot123456:ABC-DEF1234ghIkl-zyx57W2v1u123ew11/getMe

We support GET and POST HTTP methods. We support four ways of passing parameters in Bot API requests:

  • URL query string
  • application/x-www-form-urlencoded
  • application/json (except for uploading files)
  • multipart/form-data (use to upload files)

The response contains a JSON object, which always has a Boolean field ‘ok’ and may have an optional String field ‘description’ with a human-readable description of the result. If ‘ok’ equals true, the request was successful and the result of the query can be found in the ‘result’ field. In case of an unsuccessful request, ‘ok’ equals false and the error is explained in the ‘description’. An Integer ‘error_code’ field is also returned, but its contents are subject to change in the future. Some errors may also have an optional field ‘parameters’ of the type ResponseParameters, which can help to automatically handle the error.

  • All methods in the Bot API are case-insensitive.
  • All queries must be made using UTF-8.

Making requests when getting updates

If you're using webhooks, you can perform a request to the Bot API while sending an answer to the webhook. Use either application/json or application/x-www-form-urlencoded or multipart/form-data response content type for passing parameters. Specify the method to be invoked in the method parameter of the request. It's not possible to know that such a request was successful or get its result.

Please see our FAQ for examples.

Getting updates

There are two mutually exclusive ways of receiving updates for your bot — the getUpdates method on one hand and Webhooks on the other. Incoming updates are stored on the server until the bot receives them either way, but they will not be kept longer than 24 hours.

Regardless of which option you choose, you will receive JSON-serialized Update objects as a result.

Update

This object represents an incoming update.
At most one of the optional parameters can be present in any given update.

Field Type Description
update_id Integer The update‘s unique identifier. Update identifiers start from a certain positive number and increase sequentially. This ID becomes especially handy if you’re using Webhooks, since it allows you to ignore repeated updates or to restore the correct update sequence, should they get out of order.
message Message Optional. New incoming message of any kind — text, photo, sticker, etc.
edited_message Message Optional. New version of a message that is known to the bot and was edited
channel_post Message Optional. New incoming channel post of any kind — text, photo, sticker, etc.
edited_channel_post Message Optional. New version of a channel post that is known to the bot and was edited
inline_query InlineQuery Optional. New incoming inline query
chosen_inline_result ChosenInlineResult Optional. The result of an inline query that was chosen by a user and sent to their chat partner.
callback_query CallbackQuery Optional. New incoming callback query

getUpdates

Use this method to receive incoming updates using long polling (wiki). An Array of Update objects is returned.

Parameters Type Required Description
offset Integer Optional Identifier of the first update to be returned. Must be greater by one than the highest among the identifiers of previously received updates. By default, updates starting with the earliest unconfirmed update are returned. An update is considered confirmed as soon as getUpdates is called with an offset higher than its update_id. The negative offset can be specified to retrieve updates starting from -offset update from the end of the updates queue. All previous updates will forgotten.
limit Integer Optional Limits the number of updates to be retrieved. Values between 1—100 are accepted. Defaults to 100.
timeout Integer Optional Timeout in seconds for long polling. Defaults to 0, i.e. usual short polling. Should be positive, short polling should be used for testing purposes only.
allowed_updates Array of String Optional List the types of updates you want your bot to receive. For example, specify [“message”, “edited_channel_post”, “callback_query”] to only receive updates of these types. See Update for a complete list of available update types. Specify an empty list to receive all updates regardless of type (default). If not specified, the previous setting will be used.

Please note that this parameter doesn't affect updates created before the call to the getUpdates, so unwanted updates may be received for a short period of time.

Notes
1. This method will not work if an outgoing webhook is set up.
2. In order to avoid getting duplicate updates, recalculate offset after each server response.

setWebhook

Use this method to specify a url and receive incoming updates via an outgoing webhook. Whenever there is an update for the bot, we will send an HTTPS POST request to the specified url, containing a JSON-serialized Update. In case of an unsuccessful request, we will give up after a reasonable amount of attempts. Returns true.

If you'd like to make sure that the Webhook request comes from Telegram, we recommend using a secret path in the URL, e.g. https://www.example.com/<token>. Since nobody else knows your bot‘s token, you can be pretty sure it’s us.

Parameters Type Required Description
url String Yes HTTPS url to send updates to. Use an empty string to remove webhook integration
certificate InputFile Optional Upload your public key certificate so that the root certificate in use can be checked. See our self-signed guide for details.
max_connections Integer Optional Maximum allowed number of simultaneous HTTPS connections to the webhook for update delivery, 1-100. Defaults to 40. Use lower values to limit the load on your bot‘s server, and higher values to increase your bot’s throughput.
allowed_updates Array of String Optional List the types of updates you want your bot to receive. For example, specify [“message”, “edited_channel_post”, “callback_query”] to only receive updates of these types. See Update for a complete list of available update types. Specify an empty list to receive all updates regardless of type (default). If not specified, the previous setting will be used.

Please note that this parameter doesn't affect updates created before the call to the setWebhook, so unwanted updates may be received for a short period of time.

Notes
1. You will not be able to receive updates using getUpdates for as long as an outgoing webhook is set up.
2. To use a self-signed certificate, you need to upload your public key certificate using certificate parameter. Please upload as InputFile, sending a String will not work.
3. Ports currently supported for Webhooks: 443, 80, 88, 8443.

NEW! If you're having any trouble setting up webhooks, please check out this amazing guide to Webhooks.

deleteWebhook

Use this method to remove webhook integration if you decide to switch back to getUpdates. Returns True on success. Requires no parameters.

getWebhookInfo

Use this method to get current webhook status. Requires no parameters. On success, returns a WebhookInfo object. If the bot is using getUpdates, will return an object with the url field empty.

WebhookInfo

Contains information about the current status of a webhook.

Field Type Description
url String Webhook URL, may be empty if webhook is not set up
has_custom_certificate Boolean True, if a custom certificate was provided for webhook certificate checks
pending_update_count Integer Number of updates awaiting delivery
last_error_date Integer Optional. Unix time for the most recent error that happened when trying to deliver an update via webhook
last_error_message String Optional. Error message in human-readable format for the most recent error that happened when trying to deliver an update via webhook
max_connections Integer Optional. Maximum allowed number of simultaneous HTTPS connections to the webhook for update delivery
allowed_updates Array of String Optional. A list of update types the bot is subscribed to. Defaults to all update types

Available types

All types used in the Bot API responses are represented as JSON-objects.

It is safe to use 32-bit signed integers for storing all Integer fields unless otherwise noted.

Optional fields may be not returned when irrelevant.

User

This object represents a Telegram user or bot.

Field Type Description
id Integer Unique identifier for this user or bot
first_name String User‘s or bot’s first name
last_name String Optional. User‘s or bot’s last name
username String Optional. User‘s or bot’s username

Chat

This object represents a chat.

Field Type Description
id Integer Unique identifier for this chat. This number may be greater than 32 bits and some programming languages may have difficulty/silent defects in interpreting it. But it smaller than 52 bits, so a signed 64 bit integer or double-precision float type are safe for storing this identifier.
type String Type of chat, can be either “private”, “group”, “supergroup” or “channel”
title String Optional. Title, for supergroups, channels and group chats
username String Optional. Username, for private chats, supergroups and channels if available
first_name String Optional. First name of the other party in a private chat
last_name String Optional. Last name of the other party in a private chat
all_members_are_administrators Boolean Optional. True if a group has ‘All Members Are Admins’ enabled.

Message

This object represents a message.

Field Type Description
message_id Integer Unique message identifier inside this chat
from User Optional. Sender, can be empty for messages sent to channels
date Integer Date the message was sent in Unix time
chat Chat Conversation the message belongs to
forward_from User Optional. For forwarded messages, sender of the original message
forward_from_chat Chat Optional. For messages forwarded from a channel, information about the original channel
forward_from_message_id Integer Optional. For forwarded channel posts, identifier of the original message in the channel
forward_date Integer Optional. For forwarded messages, date the original message was sent in Unix time
reply_to_message Message Optional. For replies, the original message. Note that the Message object in this field will not contain further reply_to_message fields even if it itself is a reply.
edit_date Integer Optional. Date the message was last edited in Unix time
text String Optional. For text messages, the actual UTF-8 text of the message, 0-4096 characters.
entities Array of MessageEntity Optional. For text messages, special entities like usernames, URLs, bot commands, etc. that appear in the text
audio Audio Optional. Message is an audio file, information about the file
document Document Optional. Message is a general file, information about the file
game Game Optional. Message is a game, information about the game. More about games »
photo Array of PhotoSize Optional. Message is a photo, available sizes of the photo
sticker Sticker Optional. Message is a sticker, information about the sticker
video Video Optional. Message is a video, information about the video
voice Voice Optional. Message is a voice message, information about the file
caption String Optional. Caption for the document, photo or video, 0-200 characters
contact Contact Optional. Message is a shared contact, information about the contact
location Location Optional. Message is a shared location, information about the location
venue Venue Optional. Message is a venue, information about the venue
new_chat_member User Optional. A new member was added to the group, information about them (this member may be the bot itself)
left_chat_member User Optional. A member was removed from the group, information about them (this member may be the bot itself)
new_chat_title String Optional. A chat title was changed to this value
new_chat_photo Array of PhotoSize Optional. A chat photo was change to this value
delete_chat_photo True Optional. Service message: the chat photo was deleted
group_chat_created True Optional. Service message: the group has been created
supergroup_chat_created True Optional. Service message: the supergroup has been created. This field can‘t be received in a message coming through updates, because bot can’t be a member of a supergroup when it is created. It can only be found in reply_to_message if someone replies to a very first message in a directly created supergroup.
channel_chat_created True Optional. Service message: the channel has been created. This field can‘t be received in a message coming through updates, because bot can’t be a member of a channel when it is created. It can only be found in reply_to_message if someone replies to a very first message in a channel.
migrate_to_chat_id Integer Optional. The group has been migrated to a supergroup with the specified identifier. This number may be greater than 32 bits and some programming languages may have difficulty/silent defects in interpreting it. But it smaller than 52 bits, so a signed 64 bit integer or double-precision float type are safe for storing this identifier.
migrate_from_chat_id Integer Optional. The supergroup has been migrated from a group with the specified identifier. This number may be greater than 32 bits and some programming languages may have difficulty/silent defects in interpreting it. But it smaller than 52 bits, so a signed 64 bit integer or double-precision float type are safe for storing this identifier.
pinned_message Message Optional. Specified message was pinned. Note that the Message object in this field will not contain further reply_to_message fields even if it is itself a reply.

MessageEntity

This object represents one special entity in a text message. For example, hashtags, usernames, URLs, etc.

Field Type Description
type String Type of the entity. Can be mention (@username), hashtag, bot_command, url, email, bold (bold text), italic (italic text), code (monowidth string), pre (monowidth block), text_link (for clickable text URLs), text_mention (for users without usernames)
offset Integer Offset in UTF-16 code units to the start of the entity
length Integer Length of the entity in UTF-16 code units
url String Optional. For “text_link” only, url that will be opened after user taps on the text
user User Optional. For “text_mention” only, the mentioned user

PhotoSize

This object represents one size of a photo or a file / sticker thumbnail.

Field Type Description
file_id String Unique identifier for this file
width Integer Photo width
height Integer Photo height
file_size Integer Optional. File size

Audio

This object represents an audio file to be treated as music by the Telegram clients.

Field Type Description
file_id String Unique identifier for this file
duration Integer Duration of the audio in seconds as defined by sender
performer String Optional. Performer of the audio as defined by sender or by audio tags
title String Optional. Title of the audio as defined by sender or by audio tags
mime_type String Optional. MIME type of the file as defined by sender
file_size Integer Optional. File size

Document

This object represents a general file (as opposed to photos, voice messages and audio files).

Field Type Description
file_id String Unique file identifier
thumb PhotoSize Optional. Document thumbnail as defined by sender
file_name String Optional. Original filename as defined by sender
mime_type String Optional. MIME type of the file as defined by sender
file_size Integer Optional. File size

Sticker

This object represents a sticker.

Field Type Description
file_id String Unique identifier for this file
width Integer Sticker width
height Integer Sticker height
thumb PhotoSize Optional. Sticker thumbnail in .webp or .jpg format
emoji String Optional. Emoji associated with the sticker
file_size Integer Optional. File size

Video

This object represents a video file.

Field Type Description
file_id String Unique identifier for this file
width Integer Video width as defined by sender
height Integer Video height as defined by sender
duration Integer Duration of the video in seconds as defined by sender
thumb PhotoSize Optional. Video thumbnail
mime_type String Optional. Mime type of a file as defined by sender
file_size Integer Optional. File size

Voice

This object represents a voice note.

Field Type Description
file_id String Unique identifier for this file
duration Integer Duration of the audio in seconds as defined by sender
mime_type String Optional. MIME type of the file as defined by sender
file_size Integer Optional. File size

Contact

This object represents a phone contact.

Field Type Description
phone_number String Contact's phone number
first_name String Contact's first name
last_name String Optional. Contact's last name
user_id Integer Optional. Contact's user identifier in Telegram

Location

This object represents a point on the map.

Field Type Description
longitude Float Longitude as defined by sender
latitude Float Latitude as defined by sender

Venue

This object represents a venue.

Field Type Description
location Location Venue location
title String Name of the venue
address String Address of the venue
foursquare_id String Optional. Foursquare identifier of the venue

UserProfilePhotos

This object represent a user's profile pictures.

Field Type Description
total_count Integer Total number of profile pictures the target user has
photos Array of Array of PhotoSize Requested profile pictures (in up to 4 sizes each)

File

This object represents a file ready to be downloaded. The file can be downloaded via the link https://api.telegram.org/file/bot<token>/<file_path>. It is guaranteed that the link will be valid for at least 1 hour. When the link expires, a new one can be requested by calling getFile.

Maximum file size to download is 20 MB

Field Type Description
file_id String Unique identifier for this file
file_size Integer Optional. File size, if known
file_path String Optional. File path. Use https://api.telegram.org/file/bot<token>/<file_path> to get the file.

ReplyKeyboardMarkup

This object represents a custom keyboard with reply options (see Introduction to bots for details and examples).

Field Type Description
keyboard Array of Array of KeyboardButton Array of button rows, each represented by an Array of KeyboardButton objects
resize_keyboard Boolean Optional. Requests clients to resize the keyboard vertically for optimal fit (e.g., make the keyboard smaller if there are just two rows of buttons). Defaults to false, in which case the custom keyboard is always of the same height as the app's standard keyboard.
one_time_keyboard Boolean Optional. Requests clients to hide the keyboard as soon as it's been used. The keyboard will still be available, but clients will automatically display the usual letter-keyboard in the chat – the user can press a special button in the input field to see the custom keyboard again. Defaults to false.
selective Boolean Optional. Use this parameter if you want to show the keyboard to specific users only. Targets: 1) users that are @mentioned in the text of the Message object; 2) if the bot's message is a reply (has reply_to_message_id), sender of the original message.

Example: A user requests to change the bot‘s language, bot replies to the request with a keyboard to select the new language. Other users in the group don’t see the keyboard.

KeyboardButton

This object represents one button of the reply keyboard. For simple text buttons String can be used instead of this object to specify text of the button. Optional fields are mutually exclusive.

Field Type Description
text String Text of the button. If none of the optional fields are used, it will be sent to the bot as a message when the button is pressed
request_contact Boolean Optional. If True, the user's phone number will be sent as a contact when the button is pressed. Available in private chats only
request_location Boolean Optional. If True, the user's current location will be sent when the button is pressed. Available in private chats only

Note: request_contact and request_location options will only work in Telegram versions released after 9 April, 2016. Older clients will ignore them.

ReplyKeyboardRemove

Upon receiving a message with this object, Telegram clients will remove the current custom keyboard and display the default letter-keyboard. By default, custom keyboards are displayed until a new keyboard is sent by a bot. An exception is made for one-time keyboards that are hidden immediately after the user presses a button (see ReplyKeyboardMarkup).

Field Type Description
remove_keyboard True Requests clients to remove the custom keyboard (user will not be able to summon this keyboard; if you want to hide the keyboard from sight but keep it accessible, use one_time_keyboard in ReplyKeyboardMarkup)
selective Boolean Optional. Use this parameter if you want to remove the keyboard for specific users only. Targets: 1) users that are @mentioned in the text of the Message object; 2) if the bot's message is a reply (has reply_to_message_id), sender of the original message.

Example: A user votes in a poll, bot returns confirmation message in reply to the vote and removes the keyboard for that user, while still showing the keyboard with poll options to users who haven't voted yet.

InlineKeyboardMarkup

This object represents an inline keyboard that appears right next to the message it belongs to.

Field Type Description
inline_keyboard Array of Array of InlineKeyboardButton Array of button rows, each represented by an Array of InlineKeyboardButton objects

Note: This will only work in Telegram versions released after 9 April, 2016. Older clients will display unsupported message.

InlineKeyboardButton

This object represents one button of an inline keyboard. You must use exactly one of the optional fields.

Field Type Description
text String Label text on the button
url String Optional. HTTP url to be opened when button is pressed
callback_data String Optional. Data to be sent in a callback query to the bot when button is pressed, 1-64 bytes
switch_inline_query String Optional. If set, pressing the button will prompt the user to select one of their chats, open that chat and insert the bot‘s username and the specified inline query in the input field. Can be empty, in which case just the bot’s username will be inserted.

Note: This offers an easy way for users to start using your bot in inline mode when they are currently in a private chat with it. Especially useful when combined with switch_pm… actions – in this case the user will be automatically returned to the chat they switched from, skipping the chat selection screen.
switch_inline_query_current_chat String Optional. If set, pressing the button will insert the bot‘s username and the specified inline query in the current chat's input field. Can be empty, in which case only the bot’s username will be inserted.

This offers a quick way for the user to open your bot in inline mode in the same chat – good for selecting something from multiple options.
callback_game CallbackGame Optional. Description of the game that will be launched when the user presses the button.

NOTE: This type of button must always be the first button in the first row.

CallbackQuery

This object represents an incoming callback query from a callback button in an inline keyboard. If the button that originated the query was attached to a message sent by the bot, the field message will be present. If the button was attached to a message sent via the bot (in inline mode), the field inline_message_id will be present. Exactly one of the fields data or game_short_name will be present.

Field Type Description
id String Unique identifier for this query
from User Sender
message Message Optional. Message with the callback button that originated the query. Note that message content and message date will not be available if the message is too old
inline_message_id String Optional. Identifier of the message sent via the bot in inline mode, that originated the query.
chat_instance String Global identifier, uniquely corresponding to the chat to which the message with the callback button was sent. Useful for high scores in games.
data String Optional. Data associated with the callback button. Be aware that a bad client can send arbitrary data in this field.
game_short_name String Optional. Short name of a Game to be returned, serves as the unique identifier for the game

NOTE: After the user presses an inline button, Telegram clients will display a progress bar until you call answerCallbackQuery. It is, therefore, necessary to react by calling answerCallbackQuery even if no notification to the user is needed (e.g., without specifying any of the optional parameters).

ForceReply

Upon receiving a message with this object, Telegram clients will display a reply interface to the user (act as if the user has selected the bot‘s message and tapped ’Reply'). This can be extremely useful if you want to create user-friendly step-by-step interfaces without having to sacrifice privacy mode.

Field Type Description
force_reply True Shows reply interface to the user, as if they manually selected the bot‘s message and tapped ’Reply'
selective Boolean Optional. Use this parameter if you want to force reply from specific users only. Targets: 1) users that are @mentioned in the text of the Message object; 2) if the bot's message is a reply (has reply_to_message_id), sender of the original message.

Example: A poll bot for groups runs in privacy mode (only receives commands, replies to its messages and mentions). There could be two ways to create a new poll:

  • Explain the user how to send a command with parameters (e.g. /newpoll question answer1 answer2). May be appealing for hardcore users but lacks modern day polish.
  • Guide the user through a step-by-step process. ‘Please send me your question’, ‘Cool, now let’s add the first answer option‘, ’Great. Keep adding answer options, then send /done when you‘re ready’.

The last option is definitely more attractive. And if you use ForceReply in your bot‘s questions, it will receive the user’s answers even if it only receives replies, commands and mentions — without any extra work for the user.

ChatMember

This object contains information about one member of the chat.

Field Type Description
user User Information about the user
status String The member's status in the chat. Can be “creator”, “administrator”, “member”, “left” or “kicked”

ResponseParameters

Contains information about why a request was unsuccessfull.

Field Type Description
migrate_to_chat_id Integer Optional. The group has been migrated to a supergroup with the specified identifier. This number may be greater than 32 bits and some programming languages may have difficulty/silent defects in interpreting it. But it is smaller than 52 bits, so a signed 64 bit integer or double-precision float type are safe for storing this identifier.
retry_after Integer Optional. In case of exceeding flood control, the number of seconds left to wait before the request can be repeated

InputFile

This object represents the contents of a file to be uploaded. Must be posted using multipart/form-data in the usual way that files are uploaded via the browser.

Sending files

There are three ways to send files (photos, stickers, audio, media, etc.):

  1. If the file is already stored somewhere on the Telegram servers, you don't need to reupload it: each file object has a file_id field, simply pass this file_id as a parameter instead of uploading. There are no limits for files sent this way.
  2. Provide Telegram with an HTTP URL for the file to be sent. Telegram will download and send the file. 5 MB max size for photos and 20 MB max for other types of content.
  3. Post the file using multipart/form-data in the usual way that files are uploaded via the browser. 10 MB max size for photos, 50 MB for other files.

Sending by file_id

  • It is not possible to change the file type when resending by file_id. I.e. a video can't be sent as a photo, a photo can't be sent as a document, etc.
  • It is not possible to resend thumbnails.
  • Resending a photo by file_id will send all of its sizes.
  • file_id is unique for each individual bot and can't be transferred from one bot to another.

Sending by URL

  • When sending by URL the target file must have the correct MIME type (e.g., audio/mpeg for sendAudio, etc.).
  • In sendDocument, sending by URL will currently only work for pdf and zip files.
  • To use sendVoice, the file must have the type audio/ogg and be no more than 1MB in size. 1–20MB voice notes will be sent as files.
  • Other configurations may work but we can't guarantee that they will.

Inline mode objects

Objects and methods used in the inline mode are described in the Inline mode section.

Available methods

All methods in the Bot API are case-insensitive. We support GET and POST HTTP methods. Use either URL query string or application/json or application/x-www-form-urlencoded or multipart/form-data for passing parameters in Bot API requests.
On successful call, a JSON-object containing the result will be returned.

getMe

A simple method for testing your bot's auth token. Requires no parameters. Returns basic information about the bot in form of a User object.

sendMessage

Use this method to send text messages. On success, the sent Message is returned.

Parameters Type Required Description
chat_id Integer or String Yes Unique identifier for the target chat or username of the target channel (in the format @channelusername)
text String Yes Text of the message to be sent
parse_mode String Optional Send Markdown or HTML, if you want Telegram apps to show bold, italic, fixed-width text or inline URLs in your bot's message.
disable_web_page_preview Boolean Optional Disables link previews for links in this message
disable_notification Boolean Optional Sends the message silently. iOS users will not receive a notification, Android users will receive a notification with no sound.
reply_to_message_id Integer Optional If the message is a reply, ID of the original message
reply_markup InlineKeyboardMarkup or ReplyKeyboardMarkup or ReplyKeyboardRemove or ForceReply Optional Additional interface options. A JSON-serialized object for an inline keyboard, custom reply keyboard, instructions to remove reply keyboard or to force a reply from the user.

Formatting options

The Bot API supports basic formatting for messages. You can use bold and italic text, as well as inline links and pre-formatted code in your bots' messages. Telegram clients will render them accordingly. You can use either markdown-style or HTML-style formatting.

Note that Telegram clients will display an alert to the user before opening an inline link (‘Open this link?’ together with the full URL).

Markdown style

To use this mode, pass Markdown in the parse_mode field when using sendMessage. Use the following syntax in your message:

*bold text*
_italic text_
[text](http://www.example.com/)
`inline fixed-width code`
```text
pre-formatted fixed-width code block
```
HTML style

To use this mode, pass HTML in the parse_mode field when using sendMessage. The following tags are currently supported:

<b>bold</b>, <strong>bold</strong>
<i>italic</i>, <em>italic</em>
<a href="http://www.example.com/">inline URL</a>
<code>inline fixed-width code</code>
<pre>pre-formatted fixed-width code block</pre>

Please note:

  • Only the tags mentioned above are currently supported.
  • Tags must not be nested.
  • All <, > and & symbols that are not a part of a tag or an HTML entity must be replaced with the corresponding HTML entities (< with &lt;, > with &gt; and & with &amp;).
  • All numerical HTML entities are supported.
  • The API currently supports only the following named HTML entities: &lt;, &gt;, &amp; and &quot;.

forwardMessage

Use this method to forward messages of any kind. On success, the sent Message is returned.

Parameters Type Required Description
chat_id Integer or String Yes Unique identifier for the target chat or username of the target channel (in the format @channelusername)
from_chat_id Integer or String Yes Unique identifier for the chat where the original message was sent (or channel username in the format @channelusername)
disable_notification Boolean Optional Sends the message silently. iOS users will not receive a notification, Android users will receive a notification with no sound.
message_id Integer Yes Message identifier in the chat specified in from_chat_id

sendPhoto

Use this method to send photos. On success, the sent Message is returned.

Parameters Type Required Description
chat_id Integer or String Yes Unique identifier for the target chat or username of the target channel (in the format @channelusername)
photo InputFile or String Yes Photo to send. Pass a file_id as String to send a photo that exists on the Telegram servers (recommended), pass an HTTP URL as a String for Telegram to get a photo from the Internet, or upload a new photo using multipart/form-data. More info on Sending Files »
caption String Optional Photo caption (may also be used when resending photos by file_id), 0-200 characters
disable_notification Boolean Optional Sends the message silently. iOS users will not receive a notification, Android users will receive a notification with no sound.
reply_to_message_id Integer Optional If the message is a reply, ID of the original message
reply_markup InlineKeyboardMarkup or ReplyKeyboardMarkup or ReplyKeyboardRemove or ForceReply Optional Additional interface options. A JSON-serialized object for an inline keyboard, custom reply keyboard, instructions to remove reply keyboard or to force a reply from the user.

sendAudio

Use this method to send audio files, if you want Telegram clients to display them in the music player. Your audio must be in the .mp3 format. On success, the sent Message is returned. Bots can currently send audio files of up to 50 MB in size, this limit may be changed in the future.

For sending voice messages, use the sendVoice method instead.

Parameters Type Required Description
chat_id Integer or String Yes Unique identifier for the target chat or username of the target channel (in the format @channelusername)
audio InputFile or String Yes Audio file to send. Pass a file_id as String to send an audio file that exists on the Telegram servers (recommended), pass an HTTP URL as a String for Telegram to get an audio file from the Internet, or upload a new one using multipart/form-data. More info on Sending Files »
caption String Optional Audio caption, 0-200 characters
duration Integer Optional Duration of the audio in seconds
performer String Optional Performer
title String Optional Track name
disable_notification Boolean Optional Sends the message silently. iOS users will not receive a notification, Android users will receive a notification with no sound.
reply_to_message_id Integer Optional If the message is a reply, ID of the original message
reply_markup InlineKeyboardMarkup or ReplyKeyboardMarkup or ReplyKeyboardRemove or ForceReply Optional Additional interface options. A JSON-serialized object for an inline keyboard, custom reply keyboard, instructions to remove reply keyboard or to force a reply from the user.

sendDocument

Use this method to send general files. On success, the sent Message is returned. Bots can currently send files of any type of up to 50 MB in size, this limit may be changed in the future.

Parameters Type Required Description
chat_id Integer or String Yes Unique identifier for the target chat or username of the target channel (in the format @channelusername)
document InputFile or String Yes File to send. Pass a file_id as String to send a file that exists on the Telegram servers (recommended), pass an HTTP URL as a String for Telegram to get a file from the Internet, or upload a new one using multipart/form-data. More info on Sending Files »
caption String Optional Document caption (may also be used when resending documents by file_id), 0-200 characters
disable_notification Boolean Optional Sends the message silently. iOS users will not receive a notification, Android users will receive a notification with no sound.
reply_to_message_id Integer Optional If the message is a reply, ID of the original message
reply_markup InlineKeyboardMarkup or ReplyKeyboardMarkup or ReplyKeyboardRemove or ForceReply Optional Additional interface options. A JSON-serialized object for an inline keyboard, custom reply keyboard, instructions to remove reply keyboard or to force a reply from the user.

sendSticker

Use this method to send .webp stickers. On success, the sent Message is returned.

Parameters Type Required Description
chat_id Integer or String Yes Unique identifier for the target chat or username of the target channel (in the format @channelusername)
sticker InputFile or String Yes Sticker to send. Pass a file_id as String to send a file that exists on the Telegram servers (recommended), pass an HTTP URL as a String for Telegram to get a .webp file from the Internet, or upload a new one using multipart/form-data. More info on Sending Files »
disable_notification Boolean Optional Sends the message silently. iOS users will not receive a notification, Android users will receive a notification with no sound.
reply_to_message_id Integer Optional If the message is a reply, ID of the original message
reply_markup InlineKeyboardMarkup or ReplyKeyboardMarkup or ReplyKeyboardRemove or ForceReply Optional Additional interface options. A JSON-serialized object for an inline keyboard, custom reply keyboard, instructions to remove reply keyboard or to force a reply from the user.

sendVideo

Use this method to send video files, Telegram clients support mp4 videos (other formats may be sent as Document). On success, the sent Message is returned. Bots can currently send video files of up to 50 MB in size, this limit may be changed in the future.

Parameters Type Required Description
chat_id Integer or String Yes Unique identifier for the target chat or username of the target channel (in the format @channelusername)
video InputFile or String Yes Video to send. Pass a file_id as String to send a video that exists on the Telegram servers (recommended), pass an HTTP URL as a String for Telegram to get a video from the Internet, or upload a new video using multipart/form-data. More info on Sending Files »
duration Integer Optional Duration of sent video in seconds
width Integer Optional Video width
height Integer Optional Video height
caption String Optional Video caption (may also be used when resending videos by file_id), 0-200 characters
disable_notification Boolean Optional Sends the message silently. iOS users will not receive a notification, Android users will receive a notification with no sound.
reply_to_message_id Integer Optional If the message is a reply, ID of the original message
reply_markup InlineKeyboardMarkup or ReplyKeyboardMarkup or ReplyKeyboardRemove or ForceReply Optional Additional interface options. A JSON-serialized object for an inline keyboard, custom reply keyboard, instructions to remove reply keyboard or to force a reply from the user.

sendVoice

Use this method to send audio files, if you want Telegram clients to display the file as a playable voice message. For this to work, your audio must be in an .ogg file encoded with OPUS (other formats may be sent as Audio or Document). On success, the sent Message is returned. Bots can currently send voice messages of up to 50 MB in size, this limit may be changed in the future.

Parameters Type Required Description
chat_id Integer or String Yes Unique identifier for the target chat or username of the target channel (in the format @channelusername)
voice InputFile or String Yes Audio file to send. Pass a file_id as String to send a file that exists on the Telegram servers (recommended), pass an HTTP URL as a String for Telegram to get a file from the Internet, or upload a new one using multipart/form-data. More info on Sending Files »
caption String Optional Voice message caption, 0-200 characters
duration Integer Optional Duration of the voice message in seconds
disable_notification Boolean Optional Sends the message silently. iOS users will not receive a notification, Android users will receive a notification with no sound.
reply_to_message_id Integer Optional If the message is a reply, ID of the original message
reply_markup InlineKeyboardMarkup or ReplyKeyboardMarkup or ReplyKeyboardRemove or ForceReply Optional Additional interface options. A JSON-serialized object for an inline keyboard, custom reply keyboard, instructions to remove reply keyboard or to force a reply from the user.

sendLocation

Use this method to send point on the map. On success, the sent Message is returned.

Parameters Type Required Description
chat_id Integer or String Yes Unique identifier for the target chat or username of the target channel (in the format @channelusername)
latitude Float number Yes Latitude of location
longitude Float number Yes Longitude of location
disable_notification Boolean Optional Sends the message silently. iOS users will not receive a notification, Android users will receive a notification with no sound.
reply_to_message_id Integer Optional If the message is a reply, ID of the original message
reply_markup InlineKeyboardMarkup or ReplyKeyboardMarkup or ReplyKeyboardRemove or ForceReply Optional Additional interface options. A JSON-serialized object for an inline keyboard, custom reply keyboard, instructions to remove reply keyboard or to force a reply from the user.

sendVenue

Use this method to send information about a venue. On success, the sent Message is returned.

Parameters Type Required Description
chat_id Integer or String Yes Unique identifier for the target chat or username of the target channel (in the format @channelusername)
latitude Float number Yes Latitude of the venue
longitude Float number Yes Longitude of the venue
title String Yes Name of the venue
address String Yes Address of the venue
foursquare_id String Optional Foursquare identifier of the venue
disable_notification Boolean Optional Sends the message silently. iOS users will not receive a notification, Android users will receive a notification with no sound.
reply_to_message_id Integer Optional If the message is a reply, ID of the original message
reply_markup InlineKeyboardMarkup or ReplyKeyboardMarkup or ReplyKeyboardRemove or ForceReply Optional Additional interface options. A JSON-serialized object for an inline keyboard, custom reply keyboard, instructions to remove reply keyboard or to force a reply from the user.

sendContact

Use this method to send phone contacts. On success, the sent Message is returned.

Parameters Type Required Description
chat_id Integer or String Yes Unique identifier for the target chat or username of the target channel (in the format @channelusername)
phone_number String Yes Contact's phone number
first_name String Yes Contact's first name
last_name String Optional Contact's last name
disable_notification Boolean Optional Sends the message silently. iOS users will not receive a notification, Android users will receive a notification with no sound.
reply_to_message_id Integer Optional If the message is a reply, ID of the original message
reply_markup InlineKeyboardMarkup or ReplyKeyboardMarkup or ReplyKeyboardRemove or ForceReply Optional Additional interface options. A JSON-serialized object for an inline keyboard, custom reply keyboard, instructions to remove keyboard or to force a reply from the user.

sendChatAction

Use this method when you need to tell the user that something is happening on the bot's side. The status is set for 5 seconds or less (when a message arrives from your bot, Telegram clients clear its typing status). Returns True on success.

Example: The ImageBot needs some time to process a request and upload the image. Instead of sending a text message along the lines of “Retrieving image, please wait…”, the bot may use sendChatAction with action = upload_photo. The user will see a “sending photo” status for the bot.

We only recommend using this method when a response from the bot will take a noticeable amount of time to arrive.

Parameters Type Required Description
chat_id Integer or String Yes Unique identifier for the target chat or username of the target channel (in the format @channelusername)
action String Yes Type of action to broadcast. Choose one, depending on what the user is about to receive: typing for text messages, upload_photo for photos, record_video or upload_video for videos, record_audio or upload_audio for audio files, upload_document for general files, find_location for location data.

getUserProfilePhotos

Use this method to get a list of profile pictures for a user. Returns a UserProfilePhotos object.

Parameters Type Required Description
user_id Integer Yes Unique identifier of the target user
offset Integer Optional Sequential number of the first photo to be returned. By default, all photos are returned.
limit Integer Optional Limits the number of photos to be retrieved. Values between 1—100 are accepted. Defaults to 100.

getFile

Use this method to get basic info about a file and prepare it for downloading. For the moment, bots can download files of up to 20MB in size. On success, a File object is returned. The file can then be downloaded via the link https://api.telegram.org/file/bot<token>/<file_path>, where <file_path> is taken from the response. It is guaranteed that the link will be valid for at least 1 hour. When the link expires, a new one can be requested by calling getFile again.

Parameters Type Required Description
file_id String Yes File identifier to get info about

Note: This function may not preserve the original file name and MIME type. You should save the file's MIME type and name (if available) when the File object is received.

kickChatMember

Use this method to kick a user from a group or a supergroup. In the case of supergroups, the user will not be able to return to the group on their own using invite links, etc., unless unbanned first. The bot must be an administrator in the group for this to work. Returns True on success.

Note: This will method only work if the ‘All Members Are Admins’ setting is off in the target group. Otherwise members may only be removed by the group's creator or by the member that added them.

Parameters Type Required Description
chat_id Integer or String Yes Unique identifier for the target group or username of the target supergroup (in the format @supergroupusername)
user_id Integer Yes Unique identifier of the target user

leaveChat

Use this method for your bot to leave a group, supergroup or channel. Returns True on success.

Parameters Type Required Description
chat_id Integer or String Yes Unique identifier for the target chat or username of the target supergroup or channel (in the format @channelusername)

unbanChatMember

Use this method to unban a previously kicked user in a supergroup. The user will not return to the group automatically, but will be able to join via link, etc. The bot must be an administrator in the group for this to work. Returns True on success.

Parameters Type Required Description
chat_id Integer or String Yes Unique identifier for the target group or username of the target supergroup (in the format @supergroupusername)
user_id Integer Yes Unique identifier of the target user

getChat

Use this method to get up to date information about the chat (current name of the user for one-on-one conversations, current username of a user, group or channel, etc.). Returns a Chat object on success.

Parameters Type Required Description
chat_id Integer or String Yes Unique identifier for the target chat or username of the target supergroup or channel (in the format @channelusername)

getChatAdministrators

Use this method to get a list of administrators in a chat. On success, returns an Array of ChatMember objects that contains information about all chat administrators except other bots. If the chat is a group or a supergroup and no administrators were appointed, only the creator will be returned.

Parameters Type Required Description
chat_id Integer or String Yes Unique identifier for the target chat or username of the target supergroup or channel (in the format @channelusername)

getChatMembersCount

Use this method to get the number of members in a chat. Returns Int on success.

Parameters Type Required Description
chat_id Integer or String Yes Unique identifier for the target chat or username of the target supergroup or channel (in the format @channelusername)

getChatMember

Use this method to get information about a member of a chat. Returns a ChatMember object on success.

Parameters Type Required Description
chat_id Integer or String Yes Unique identifier for the target chat or username of the target supergroup or channel (in the format @channelusername)
user_id Integer Yes Unique identifier of the target user

answerCallbackQuery

Use this method to send answers to callback queries sent from inline keyboards. The answer will be displayed to the user as a notification at the top of the chat screen or as an alert. On success, True is returned.

Alternatively, the user can be redirected to the specified Game URL. For this option to work, you must first create a game for your bot via BotFather and accept the terms. Otherwise, you may use links like telegram.me/your_bot?start=XXXX that open your bot with a parameter.

Parameters Type Required Description
callback_query_id String Yes Unique identifier for the query to be answered
text String Optional Text of the notification. If not specified, nothing will be shown to the user, 0-200 characters
show_alert Boolean Optional If true, an alert will be shown by the client instead of a notification at the top of the chat screen. Defaults to false.
url String Optional URL that will be opened by the user's client. If you have created a Game and accepted the conditions via @Botfather, specify the URL that opens your game – note that this will only work if the query comes from a callback_game button.

Otherwise, you may use links like telegram.me/your_bot?start=XXXX that open your bot with a parameter.
cache_time Integer Optional The maximum amount of time in seconds that the result of the callback query may be cached client-side. Telegram apps will support caching starting in version 3.14. Defaults to 0.

Inline mode methods

Methods and objects used in the inline mode are described in the Inline mode section.

Updating messages

The following methods allow you to change an existing message in the message history instead of sending a new one with a result of an action. This is most useful for messages with inline keyboards using callback queries, but can also help reduce clutter in conversations with regular chat bots.

Please note, that it is currently only possible to edit messages without reply_markup or with inline keyboards.

editMessageText

Use this method to edit text and game messages sent by the bot or via the bot (for inline bots). On success, if edited message is sent by the bot, the edited Message is returned, otherwise True is returned.

Parameters Type Required Description
chat_id Integer or String Optional Required if inline_message_id is not specified. Unique identifier for the target chat or username of the target channel (in the format @channelusername)
message_id Integer Optional Required if inline_message_id is not specified. Identifier of the sent message
inline_message_id String Optional Required if chat_id and message_id are not specified. Identifier of the inline message
text String Yes New text of the message
parse_mode String Optional Send Markdown or HTML, if you want Telegram apps to show bold, italic, fixed-width text or inline URLs in your bot's message.
disable_web_page_preview Boolean Optional Disables link previews for links in this message
reply_markup InlineKeyboardMarkup Optional A JSON-serialized object for an inline keyboard.

editMessageCaption

Use this method to edit captions of messages sent by the bot or via the bot (for inline bots). On success, if edited message is sent by the bot, the edited Message is returned, otherwise True is returned.

Parameters Type Required Description
chat_id Integer or String Optional Required if inline_message_id is not specified. Unique identifier for the target chat or username of the target channel (in the format @channelusername)
message_id Integer Optional Required if inline_message_id is not specified. Identifier of the sent message
inline_message_id String Optional Required if chat_id and message_id are not specified. Identifier of the inline message
caption String Optional New caption of the message
reply_markup InlineKeyboardMarkup Optional A JSON-serialized object for an inline keyboard.

editMessageReplyMarkup

Use this method to edit only the reply markup of messages sent by the bot or via the bot (for inline bots). On success, if edited message is sent by the bot, the edited Message is returned, otherwise True is returned.

Parameters Type Required Description
chat_id Integer or String Optional Required if inline_message_id is not specified. Unique identifier for the target chat or username of the target channel (in the format @channelusername)
message_id Integer Optional Required if inline_message_id is not specified. Identifier of the sent message
inline_message_id String Optional Required if chat_id and message_id are not specified. Identifier of the inline message
reply_markup InlineKeyboardMarkup Optional A JSON-serialized object for an inline keyboard.

Inline mode

The following methods and objects allow your bot to work in inline mode.
Please see our Introduction to Inline bots for more details.

To enable this option, send the /setinline command to @BotFather and provide the placeholder text that the user will see in the input field after typing your bot’s name.

InlineQuery

This object represents an incoming inline query. When the user sends an empty query, your bot could return some default or trending results.

Field Type Description
id String Unique identifier for this query
from User Sender
location Location Optional. Sender location, only for bots that request user location
query String Text of the query (up to 512 characters)
offset String Offset of the results to be returned, can be controlled by the bot

answerInlineQuery

Use this method to send answers to an inline query. On success, True is returned.
No more than 50 results per query are allowed.

Parameters Type Required Description
inline_query_id String Yes Unique identifier for the answered query
results Array of InlineQueryResult Yes A JSON-serialized array of results for the inline query
cache_time Integer Optional The maximum amount of time in seconds that the result of the inline query may be cached on the server. Defaults to 300.
is_personal Boolean Optional Pass True, if results may be cached on the server side only for the user that sent the query. By default, results may be returned to any user who sends the same query
next_offset String Optional Pass the offset that a client should send in the next query with the same text to receive more results. Pass an empty string if there are no more results or if you don‘t support pagination. Offset length can’t exceed 64 bytes.
switch_pm_text String Optional If passed, clients will display a button with specified text that switches the user to a private chat with the bot and sends the bot a start message with the parameter switch_pm_parameter
switch_pm_parameter String Optional Parameter for the start message sent to the bot when user presses the switch button

Example: An inline bot that sends YouTube videos can ask the user to connect the bot to their YouTube account to adapt search results accordingly. To do this, it displays a ‘Connect your YouTube account’ button above the results, or even before showing any. The user presses the button, switches to a private chat with the bot and, in doing so, passes a start parameter that instructs the bot to return an oauth link. Once done, the bot can offer a switch_inline button so that the user can easily return to the chat where they wanted to use the bot's inline capabilities.

InlineQueryResult

This object represents one result of an inline query. Telegram clients currently support results of the following 20 types:

InlineQueryResultArticle

Represents a link to an article or web page.

Field Type Description
type String Type of the result, must be article
id String Unique identifier for this result, 1-64 Bytes
title String Title of the result
input_message_content InputMessageContent Content of the message to be sent
reply_markup InlineKeyboardMarkup Optional. Inline keyboard attached to the message
url String Optional. URL of the result
hide_url Boolean Optional. Pass True, if you don't want the URL to be shown in the message
description String Optional. Short description of the result
thumb_url String Optional. Url of the thumbnail for the result
thumb_width Integer Optional. Thumbnail width
thumb_height Integer Optional. Thumbnail height

InlineQueryResultPhoto

Represents a link to a photo. By default, this photo will be sent by the user with optional caption. Alternatively, you can use input_message_content to send a message with the specified content instead of the photo.

Field Type Description
type String Type of the result, must be photo
id String Unique identifier for this result, 1-64 bytes
photo_url String A valid URL of the photo. Photo must be in jpeg format. Photo size must not exceed 5MB
thumb_url String URL of the thumbnail for the photo
photo_width Integer Optional. Width of the photo
photo_height Integer Optional. Height of the photo
title String Optional. Title for the result
description String Optional. Short description of the result
caption String Optional. Caption of the photo to be sent, 0-200 characters
reply_markup InlineKeyboardMarkup Optional. Inline keyboard attached to the message
input_message_content InputMessageContent Optional. Content of the message to be sent instead of the photo

InlineQueryResultGif

Represents a link to an animated GIF file. By default, this animated GIF file will be sent by the user with optional caption. Alternatively, you can use input_message_content to send a message with the specified content instead of the animation.

Field Type Description
type String Type of the result, must be gif
id String Unique identifier for this result, 1-64 bytes
gif_url String A valid URL for the GIF file. File size must not exceed 1MB
gif_width Integer Optional. Width of the GIF
gif_height Integer Optional. Height of the GIF
thumb_url String URL of the static thumbnail for the result (jpeg or gif)
title String Optional. Title for the result
caption String Optional. Caption of the GIF file to be sent, 0-200 characters
reply_markup InlineKeyboardMarkup Optional. Inline keyboard attached to the message
input_message_content InputMessageContent Optional. Content of the message to be sent instead of the GIF animation

InlineQueryResultMpeg4Gif

Represents a link to a video animation (H.264/MPEG-4 AVC video without sound). By default, this animated MPEG-4 file will be sent by the user with optional caption. Alternatively, you can use input_message_content to send a message with the specified content instead of the animation.

Field Type Description
type String Type of the result, must be mpeg4_gif
id String Unique identifier for this result, 1-64 bytes
mpeg4_url String A valid URL for the MP4 file. File size must not exceed 1MB
mpeg4_width Integer Optional. Video width
mpeg4_height Integer Optional. Video height
thumb_url String URL of the static thumbnail (jpeg or gif) for the result
title String Optional. Title for the result
caption String Optional. Caption of the MPEG-4 file to be sent, 0-200 characters
reply_markup InlineKeyboardMarkup Optional. Inline keyboard attached to the message
input_message_content InputMessageContent Optional. Content of the message to be sent instead of the video animation

InlineQueryResultVideo

Represents a link to a page containing an embedded video player or a video file. By default, this video file will be sent by the user with an optional caption. Alternatively, you can use input_message_content to send a message with the specified content instead of the video.

Field Type Description
type String Type of the result, must be video
id String Unique identifier for this result, 1-64 bytes
video_url String A valid URL for the embedded video player or video file
mime_type String Mime type of the content of video url, “text/html” or “video/mp4”
thumb_url String URL of the thumbnail (jpeg only) for the video
title String Title for the result
caption String Optional. Caption of the video to be sent, 0-200 characters
video_width Integer Optional. Video width
video_height Integer Optional. Video height
video_duration Integer Optional. Video duration in seconds
description String Optional. Short description of the result
reply_markup InlineKeyboardMarkup Optional. Inline keyboard attached to the message
input_message_content InputMessageContent Optional. Content of the message to be sent instead of the video

InlineQueryResultAudio

Represents a link to an mp3 audio file. By default, this audio file will be sent by the user. Alternatively, you can use input_message_content to send a message with the specified content instead of the audio.

Field Type Description
type String Type of the result, must be audio
id String Unique identifier for this result, 1-64 bytes
audio_url String A valid URL for the audio file
title String Title
caption String Optional. Caption, 0-200 characters
performer String Optional. Performer
audio_duration Integer Optional. Audio duration in seconds
reply_markup InlineKeyboardMarkup Optional. Inline keyboard attached to the message
input_message_content InputMessageContent Optional. Content of the message to be sent instead of the audio

Note: This will only work in Telegram versions released after 9 April, 2016. Older clients will ignore them.

InlineQueryResultVoice

Represents a link to a voice recording in an .ogg container encoded with OPUS. By default, this voice recording will be sent by the user. Alternatively, you can use input_message_content to send a message with the specified content instead of the the voice message.

Field Type Description
type String Type of the result, must be voice
id String Unique identifier for this result, 1-64 bytes
voice_url String A valid URL for the voice recording
title String Recording title
caption String Optional. Caption, 0-200 characters
voice_duration Integer Optional. Recording duration in seconds
reply_markup InlineKeyboardMarkup Optional. Inline keyboard attached to the message
input_message_content InputMessageContent Optional. Content of the message to be sent instead of the voice recording

Note: This will only work in Telegram versions released after 9 April, 2016. Older clients will ignore them.

InlineQueryResultDocument

Represents a link to a file. By default, this file will be sent by the user with an optional caption. Alternatively, you can use input_message_content to send a message with the specified content instead of the file. Currently, only .PDF and .ZIP files can be sent using this method.

Field Type Description
type String Type of the result, must be document
id String Unique identifier for this result, 1-64 bytes
title String Title for the result
caption String Optional. Caption of the document to be sent, 0-200 characters
document_url String A valid URL for the file
mime_type String Mime type of the content of the file, either “application/pdf” or “application/zip”
description String Optional. Short description of the result
reply_markup InlineKeyboardMarkup Optional. Inline keyboard attached to the message
input_message_content InputMessageContent Optional. Content of the message to be sent instead of the file
thumb_url String Optional. URL of the thumbnail (jpeg only) for the file
thumb_width Integer Optional. Thumbnail width
thumb_height Integer Optional. Thumbnail height

Note: This will only work in Telegram versions released after 9 April, 2016. Older clients will ignore them.

InlineQueryResultLocation

Represents a location on a map. By default, the location will be sent by the user. Alternatively, you can use input_message_content to send a message with the specified content instead of the location.

Field Type Description
type String Type of the result, must be location
id String Unique identifier for this result, 1-64 Bytes
latitude Float number Location latitude in degrees
longitude Float number Location longitude in degrees
title String Location title
reply_markup InlineKeyboardMarkup Optional. Inline keyboard attached to the message
input_message_content InputMessageContent Optional. Content of the message to be sent instead of the location
thumb_url String Optional. Url of the thumbnail for the result
thumb_width Integer Optional. Thumbnail width
thumb_height Integer Optional. Thumbnail height

Note: This will only work in Telegram versions released after 9 April, 2016. Older clients will ignore them.

InlineQueryResultVenue

Represents a venue. By default, the venue will be sent by the user. Alternatively, you can use input_message_content to send a message with the specified content instead of the venue.

Field Type Description
type String Type of the result, must be venue
id String Unique identifier for this result, 1-64 Bytes
latitude Float Latitude of the venue location in degrees
longitude Float Longitude of the venue location in degrees
title String Title of the venue
address String Address of the venue
foursquare_id String Optional. Foursquare identifier of the venue if known
reply_markup InlineKeyboardMarkup Optional. Inline keyboard attached to the message
input_message_content InputMessageContent Optional. Content of the message to be sent instead of the venue
thumb_url String Optional. Url of the thumbnail for the result
thumb_width Integer Optional. Thumbnail width
thumb_height Integer Optional. Thumbnail height

Note: This will only work in Telegram versions released after 9 April, 2016. Older clients will ignore them.

InlineQueryResultContact

Represents a contact with a phone number. By default, this contact will be sent by the user. Alternatively, you can use input_message_content to send a message with the specified content instead of the contact.

Field Type Description
type String Type of the result, must be contact
id String Unique identifier for this result, 1-64 Bytes
phone_number String Contact's phone number
first_name String Contact's first name
last_name String Optional. Contact's last name
reply_markup InlineKeyboardMarkup Optional. Inline keyboard attached to the message
input_message_content InputMessageContent Optional. Content of the message to be sent instead of the contact
thumb_url String Optional. Url of the thumbnail for the result
thumb_width Integer Optional. Thumbnail width
thumb_height Integer Optional. Thumbnail height

Note: This will only work in Telegram versions released after 9 April, 2016. Older clients will ignore them.

InlineQueryResultGame

Represents a Game.

Field Type Description
type String Type of the result, must be game
id String Unique identifier for this result, 1-64 bytes
game_short_name String Short name of the game
reply_markup InlineKeyboardMarkup Optional. Inline keyboard attached to the message

Note: This will only work in Telegram versions released after October 1, 2016. Older clients will not display any inline results if a game result is among them.

InlineQueryResultCachedPhoto

Represents a link to a photo stored on the Telegram servers. By default, this photo will be sent by the user with an optional caption. Alternatively, you can use input_message_content to send a message with the specified content instead of the photo.

Field Type Description
type String Type of the result, must be photo
id String Unique identifier for this result, 1-64 bytes
photo_file_id String A valid file identifier of the photo
title String Optional. Title for the result
description String Optional. Short description of the result
caption String Optional. Caption of the photo to be sent, 0-200 characters
reply_markup InlineKeyboardMarkup Optional. Inline keyboard attached to the message
input_message_content InputMessageContent Optional. Content of the message to be sent instead of the photo

InlineQueryResultCachedGif

Represents a link to an animated GIF file stored on the Telegram servers. By default, this animated GIF file will be sent by the user with an optional caption. Alternatively, you can use input_message_content to send a message with specified content instead of the animation.

Field Type Description
type String Type of the result, must be gif
id String Unique identifier for this result, 1-64 bytes
gif_file_id String A valid file identifier for the GIF file
title String Optional. Title for the result
caption String Optional. Caption of the GIF file to be sent, 0-200 characters
reply_markup InlineKeyboardMarkup Optional. Inline keyboard attached to the message
input_message_content InputMessageContent Optional. Content of the message to be sent instead of the GIF animation

InlineQueryResultCachedMpeg4Gif

Represents a link to a video animation (H.264/MPEG-4 AVC video without sound) stored on the Telegram servers. By default, this animated MPEG-4 file will be sent by the user with an optional caption. Alternatively, you can use input_message_content to send a message with the specified content instead of the animation.

Field Type Description
type String Type of the result, must be mpeg4_gif
id String Unique identifier for this result, 1-64 bytes
mpeg4_file_id String A valid file identifier for the MP4 file
title String Optional. Title for the result
caption String Optional. Caption of the MPEG-4 file to be sent, 0-200 characters
reply_markup InlineKeyboardMarkup Optional. Inline keyboard attached to the message
input_message_content InputMessageContent Optional. Content of the message to be sent instead of the video animation

InlineQueryResultCachedSticker

Represents a link to a sticker stored on the Telegram servers. By default, this sticker will be sent by the user. Alternatively, you can use input_message_content to send a message with the specified content instead of the sticker.

Field Type Description
type String Type of the result, must be sticker
id String Unique identifier for this result, 1-64 bytes
sticker_file_id String A valid file identifier of the sticker
reply_markup InlineKeyboardMarkup Optional. Inline keyboard attached to the message
input_message_content InputMessageContent Optional. Content of the message to be sent instead of the sticker

Note: This will only work in Telegram versions released after 9 April, 2016. Older clients will ignore them.

InlineQueryResultCachedDocument

Represents a link to a file stored on the Telegram servers. By default, this file will be sent by the user with an optional caption. Alternatively, you can use input_message_content to send a message with the specified content instead of the file.

Field Type Description
type String Type of the result, must be document
id String Unique identifier for this result, 1-64 bytes
title String Title for the result
document_file_id String A valid file identifier for the file
description String Optional. Short description of the result
caption String Optional. Caption of the document to be sent, 0-200 characters
reply_markup InlineKeyboardMarkup Optional. Inline keyboard attached to the message
input_message_content InputMessageContent Optional. Content of the message to be sent instead of the file

Note: This will only work in Telegram versions released after 9 April, 2016. Older clients will ignore them.

InlineQueryResultCachedVideo

Represents a link to a video file stored on the Telegram servers. By default, this video file will be sent by the user with an optional caption. Alternatively, you can use input_message_content to send a message with the specified content instead of the video.

Field Type Description
type String Type of the result, must be video
id String Unique identifier for this result, 1-64 bytes
video_file_id String A valid file identifier for the video file
title String Title for the result
description String Optional. Short description of the result
caption String Optional. Caption of the video to be sent, 0-200 characters
reply_markup InlineKeyboardMarkup Optional. Inline keyboard attached to the message
input_message_content InputMessageContent Optional. Content of the message to be sent instead of the video

InlineQueryResultCachedVoice

Represents a link to a voice message stored on the Telegram servers. By default, this voice message will be sent by the user. Alternatively, you can use input_message_content to send a message with the specified content instead of the voice message.

Field Type Description
type String Type of the result, must be voice
id String Unique identifier for this result, 1-64 bytes
voice_file_id String A valid file identifier for the voice message
title String Voice message title
caption String Optional. Caption, 0-200 characters
reply_markup InlineKeyboardMarkup Optional. Inline keyboard attached to the message
input_message_content InputMessageContent Optional. Content of the message to be sent instead of the voice message

Note: This will only work in Telegram versions released after 9 April, 2016. Older clients will ignore them.

InlineQueryResultCachedAudio

Represents a link to an mp3 audio file stored on the Telegram servers. By default, this audio file will be sent by the user. Alternatively, you can use input_message_content to send a message with the specified content instead of the audio.

Field Type Description
type String Type of the result, must be audio
id String Unique identifier for this result, 1-64 bytes
audio_file_id String A valid file identifier for the audio file
caption String Optional. Caption, 0-200 characters
reply_markup InlineKeyboardMarkup Optional. Inline keyboard attached to the message
input_message_content InputMessageContent Optional. Content of the message to be sent instead of the audio

Note: This will only work in Telegram versions released after 9 April, 2016. Older clients will ignore them.

InputMessageContent

This object represents the content of a message to be sent as a result of an inline query. Telegram clients currently support the following 4 types:

InputTextMessageContent

Represents the content of a text message to be sent as the result of an inline query.

Field Type Description
message_text String Text of the message to be sent, 1-4096 characters
parse_mode String Optional. Send Markdown or HTML, if you want Telegram apps to show bold, italic, fixed-width text or inline URLs in your bot's message.
disable_web_page_preview Boolean Optional. Disables link previews for links in the sent message

InputLocationMessageContent

Represents the content of a location message to be sent as the result of an inline query.

Field Type Description
latitude Float Latitude of the location in degrees
longitude Float Longitude of the location in degrees

Note: This will only work in Telegram versions released after 9 April, 2016. Older clients will ignore them.

InputVenueMessageContent

Represents the content of a venue message to be sent as the result of an inline query.

Field Type Description
latitude Float Latitude of the venue in degrees
longitude Float Longitude of the venue in degrees
title String Name of the venue
address String Address of the venue
foursquare_id String Optional. Foursquare identifier of the venue, if known

Note: This will only work in Telegram versions released after 9 April, 2016. Older clients will ignore them.

InputContactMessageContent

Represents the content of a contact message to be sent as the result of an inline query.

Field Type Description
phone_number String Contact's phone number
first_name String Contact's first name
last_name String Optional. Contact's last name

Note: This will only work in Telegram versions released after 9 April, 2016. Older clients will ignore them.

ChosenInlineResult

Represents a result of an inline query that was chosen by the user and sent to their chat partner.

Field Type Description
result_id String The unique identifier for the result that was chosen
from User The user that chose the result
location Location Optional. Sender location, only for bots that require user location
inline_message_id String Optional. Identifier of the sent inline message. Available only if there is an inline keyboard attached to the message. Will be also received in callback queries and can be used to edit the message.
query String The query that was used to obtain the result

Games

Your bot can offer users HTML5 games to play solo or to compete against each other in groups and one-on-one chats. Create games via @BotFather using the /newgame command. Please note that this kind of power requires responsibility: you will need to accept the terms for each game that your bots will be offering.

  • Games are a new type of content on Telegram, represented by the Game and InlineQueryResultGame objects.
  • Once you've created a game via BotFather, you can send games to chats as regular messages using the sendGame method, or use inline mode with InlineQueryResultGame.
  • If you send the game message without any buttons, it will automatically have a 'Play GameName' button. When this button is pressed, your bot gets a CallbackQuery with the game_short_name of the requested game. You provide the correct URL for this particular user and the app opens the game in the in-app browser.
  • You can manually add multiple buttons to your game message. Please note that the first button in the first row must always launch the game, using the field callback_game in InlineKeyboardButton. You can add extra buttons according to taste: e.g., for a description of the rules, or to open the game's official community.
  • To make your game more attractive, you can upload a GIF animation that demostrates the game to the users via BotFather (see Lumberjack for example).
  • A game message will also display high scores for the current chat. Use setGameScore to post high scores to the chat with the game, add the edit_message parameter to automatically update the message with the current scoreboard.
  • Use getGameHighScores to get data for in-game high score tables.
  • You can also add an extra sharing button for users to share their best score to different chats.
  • For examples of what can be done using this new stuff, check the @gamebot and @gamee bots.

sendGame

Use this method to send a game. On success, the sent Message is returned.

Parameters Type Required Description
chat_id Integer Yes Unique identifier for the target chat
game_short_name String Yes Short name of the game, serves as the unique identifier for the game. Set up your games via Botfather.
disable_notification Boolean Optional Sends the message silently. iOS users will not receive a notification, Android users will receive a notification with no sound.
reply_to_message_id Integer Optional If the message is a reply, ID of the original message
reply_markup InlineKeyboardMarkup Optional A JSON-serialized object for an inline keyboard. If empty, one ‘Play game_title’ button will be shown. If not empty, the first button must launch the game.

Game

This object represents a game. Use BotFather to create and edit games, their short names will act as unique identifiers.

Field Type Description
title String Title of the game
description String Description of the game
photo Array of PhotoSize Photo that will be displayed in the game message in chats.
text String Optional. Brief description of the game or high scores included in the game message. Can be automatically edited to include current high scores for the game when the bot calls setGameScore, or manually edited using editMessageText. 0-4096 characters.
text_entities Array of MessageEntity Optional. Special entities that appear in text, such as usernames, URLs, bot commands, etc.
animation Animation Optional. Animation that will be displayed in the game message in chats. Upload via BotFather

Animation

You can provide an animation for your game so that it looks stylish in chats (check out Lumberjack for an example). This object represents an animation file to be displayed in the message containing a game.

Field Type Description
file_id String Unique file identifier
thumb PhotoSize Optional. Animation thumbnail as defined by sender
file_name String Optional. Original animation filename as defined by sender
mime_type String Optional. MIME type of the file as defined by sender
file_size Integer Optional. File size

CallbackGame

A placeholder, currently holds no information. Use BotFather to set up your game.

setGameScore

Use this method to set the score of the specified user in a game. On success, if the message was sent by the bot, returns the edited Message, otherwise returns True. Returns an error, if the new score is not greater than the user's current score in the chat and force is False.

Parameters Type Required Description
user_id Integer Yes User identifier
score Integer Yes New score, must be non-negative
force Boolean Optional Pass True, if the high score is allowed to decrease. This can be useful when fixing mistakes or banning cheaters
disable_edit_message Boolean Optional Pass True, if the game message should not be automatically edited to include the current scoreboard
chat_id Integer Optional Required if inline_message_id is not specified. Unique identifier for the target chat
message_id Integer Optional Required if inline_message_id is not specified. Identifier of the sent message
inline_message_id String Optional Required if chat_id and message_id are not specified. Identifier of the inline message

getGameHighScores

Use this method to get data for high score tables. Will return the score of the specified user and several of his neighbors in a game. On success, returns an Array of GameHighScore objects.

This method will currently return scores for the target user, plus two of his closest neighbors on each side. Will also return the top three users if the user and his neighbors are not among them. Please note that this behavior is subject to change.

Parameters Type Required Description
user_id Integer Yes Target user id
chat_id Integer Optional Required if inline_message_id is not specified. Unique identifier for the target chat
message_id Integer Optional Required if inline_message_id is not specified. Identifier of the sent message
inline_message_id String Optional Required if chat_id and message_id are not specified. Identifier of the inline message

GameHighScore

This object represents one row of the high scores table for a game.

Field Type Description
position Integer Position in high score table for the game
user User User
score Integer Score

And that‘s about all we’ve got for now.
If you've got any questions, please check out our Bot FAQ »